Public Holidays in Nepal

Public Holidays in Nepal are declared by the govt of Nepal at the beginning of Nepalese New Year for a period of 1 year which dates are based on the Bikram Sambat (B.S.) Calendar. Bikram Sambat calendar of Nepal is a Luni-Solar Calendar, however, for the celebration of international days and festivals of other religious groups, their respective calendars are used like A.D and Islamic calendar. People in Nepal celebrate various national, international also as different festivals of religious groups and communities. Though, it's not unreal that each day there's some festival in Nepal but only a couple of those events are observed as Public Holidays in Nepal. Public Holidays may get cut or added depending upon the ruling government decision and on public demand, however, now each province can assign Local Public Holidays if the festivals or any special days of the area people which are celebrated specifically therein region or province only weren't included publicly Holidays List by Government of Nepal.

After the govt of Nepal Communist Party (NCP) came into power, many religious and national days were removed from the general public Holidays list and had to be celebrated without Holidays. The national days which were celebrated as public holidays have been changed to non-holidays national days that include Republic Day, Democracy Day, government officials Day, National Solidarity Day (Prithivi Jayanti / National Unity Day), and Ethnic Discrimination and Untouchability Eradication National Day. Similarly, festivals like Ram Navami, Krishna Janmashtami, Janai Purnima, Guru Purnima, etc are not included within the Public Holidays list of Nepal.

Maha Shivaratri

Maha Shivaratri is a Hindu celebration commended yearly to pay tribute to Lord Shiva. The name furthermore refers to the night when Shiva plays out the heavenly dance. Shivaratri is celebrated on Trayodashi of Falgun Krishna paksha, a lunar month of the Hindu schedule. As it is celebrated the evening of Chaturdashi, the month's thirteenth evening, yet just a single time in a year. It falls around pre-spring, February/March of the Gregorian schedule, and on the Falgun of Luni-sun powered schedule, which is sooner than the appearance of Summer. The celebration Maha Shivaratri signifies "the Great Night of Shiva". There is a public occasion on this day to observe Maha Shivaratri in Nepal. The Maha Shivaratri is a special day for the Nepalese Army as Nepal Army celebrates the day as Nepal Army Day.

Maghe Sankranti

Maghe Sankranti is a celebration celebrated by various communities in Nepal. It is seen on the absolute first day of Magh of the Bikram Sambat (B.S) calendar. This is a cultural and religious day for Hindus everywhere in the world. Sankranti is the principal day of the month, and out of all Sankranti, Maghe Sankranti is celebrated with delight and fervor. This celebration is likewise like solstice celebrations in other strict practices. Maghe Sankranti is seen in Nepal from Mechi to Mahakali and by various networks and ethnic gatherings, however all in an unexpected way. In certain spots, various sorts of society melodies and dance are performed and in certain networks, it is praised by cooking yams, sweet potatoes, and desserts and trading these dishes with neighbors.

Gyalpo Losar

Gyalpo Losar is another Losar celebrated in Nepal by Sherpas and other ethnic groups of the Himalayan and hilly regions of Nepal. the general public holiday is given to the ethnos and communities where this Losar is widely known in Nepal mainly by Sherpa. Gyalpo Lhosar is additionally celebrated in Tibet as Tibetan New Year , which falls within the month of February within the English Calendar and it falls on Falgun Shukla Pratipada within the Nepali calendar system. it's celebrated for nearly fortnight . Preparation for the festival begins by making some special quite Sherpa snack Khapse (deep-fried bread) which is usually eaten during the day of Lhosar.

Sonam Losar

In Nepal, it’s referred to as Sonam Losar or Lochar. Losar or Lochar is a term used for the New Year and is widely known by different ethnic groups of the Himalayan and hilly regions of Nepal. Sonam Losar is widely known because the New Year for the Tamang community and public holiday is given only to Tamang people on today . it's celebrated on the primary day of the new phase of the moon during the month of Magh consistent with the Nepali Bikram Sambat calendar. it's celebrated in many parts of India, Bhutan, and Nepal. Tibetans, Bhutanese, Tibetan Buddhists, and certain ethnic groups in Nepal, Bhutan, and India celebrate Sonam Losar.

Ghode Jatra

Ghode Jatra is a public holiday within the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal only, which is observed on the new phase of the moon of Chaitra Shukla Paksha within the Eastern calendar , which basically means it falls in March or April within the western calendar.

This holiday is a popular horse festival that takes place in Kathmandu valley with a grand parade in Tundikhel with acrobats and other performances by Nepali Army.

International Women’s day

In Nepal, International Women’s Day is widely known on the 8th of March every year. On International Women’s day, we celebrate the social, economic, cultural, and political achievements of women. On this day ongoing gender inequality is highlighted and women who are fighting continuously for gender equality are praised. It’s a vacation just for women.

Basanta Panchami (Saraswati Puja)

There is a vacation on Basant Panchami just for educational institutions. Students and Teachers in educational institutions like schools and colleges worship and pray to Goddess Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge, thereon day. Basanta Panchami is additionally referred to as Saraswati Puja, it's a Hindu festival that's celebrated to worship Goddess Saraswati. And Basant Panchami marks the start of the spring season. Usually, people celebrate Basanta Panchami by wearing a brand new dress, eating sweets referred to as Budiya as prasad.


Holi is a popular Hindu festival that is also referred to as a festival of colors. Holi is widely known for the use of various colors and colored water. The festival signifies the victory of excellent over immoral. This festival also celebrates the start of an honest spring harvest season. Holi is celebrated within the month of February. On Holi, there are two-day public holidays. the first day holiday is provided in Hilly regions and therefore the second day holiday is provided in terai, but now with a mixture of culture in both regions, both days are celebrated as Holi in both regions. Different ethnic groups celebrate Holi in their traditional way, however, children enjoy it in a new way by doing pool parties with colors.

Nepali New Year

Nepali New Year is a national holiday in Nepal. This holiday marks the first day of the Bikram Sambat calendar which is that the official calendar of Nepal. The first day of the Nepali New Year is celebrated by wearing new clothes and by eating delicious foods reception. Although many countries within the world celebrate Gregorian New Year, in Nepal, more priority is given to Nepalese New Year and everybody celebrates it. it's also a new year for several states of India like Punjab, Bengal, etc.

Buddha Jayanti

Buddha Jayanti is a religious festival that's celebrated by Buddhists as well as Hindus. it's the celebration of the birth of Lord Gautam Buddha. Gautam Buddha’s birthday is celebrated in most of East Asia. Prince Siddhartha Gautam who got enlightened and has become Gautam Buddha is that the founding father of Buddhism and he's also the Ninth Avatar of Lord Bishnu according to Hinduism. Buddha is known because of the light of Asia and was born around 563–483 BCE in Lumbini, Nepal, and raised within the Shakya capital of Kapilavastu. The day is said as a public holiday and observed annually nationwide in Nepal to celebrate Buddha’s life and teachings. Buddha Jayanti falls on Baisakhi Shukla Purnima (Full moon of Baisakhi month).

Labour Day

Labour Day is an international day that's declared as a public holiday in Nepal. It's locally referred to as Majdur Diwas in Nepal. Majdur diwas is a particularly large and important holiday, today is widely known on May 1st every year in Nepal and also in most other nations that observe it. Most of the socialist and labor unions celebrate this day by organizing some programs to enhance wages and working conditions of the workforce.

Gai Jatra

Gai Jatra is usually known as the cow festival in Nepali. Gai Jatra is a festival that is celebrated within the Kathmandu valley by the Newar community. This festival is celebrated within the month of Bhadra of the Hindu calendar. Today usually, the Ministry of Home Affairs of Nepal announces public holidays in Kathmandu valley. This Hindu festival commemorates those who have died during the year and is celebrated on the primary day of the dark fortnight of the month of Bhadra, which means it always falls in August or September. It's now celebrated outside Kathmandu valley also, in many other places where there are Newar communities.

Gaura Parba

Gaura Parba is especially celebrated within the Far western region of Nepal. like all other religious festivals of Hindus, Gaura Parba is additionally celebrated based on the Hindu lunar calendar, on Bhadra Shukla Ashtami, and that’s why its date changes on the Gregorian calendar every year. Gaura Parva tends to fall on the month of Bhadra and therefore the Gregorian calendar, it falls in late August or early September. It's celebrated in Far Western districts of Nepal and also in some areas of the neighboring country India in Uttarakhand State. Gaura Parva continues for 3 days and is both religious and cultural in character. The government of Nepal provides a public holiday on the occasion of Gaura Parva for the people of Sudurpaschim. Gaura Parva is an annual Hindu festival that's celebrated by worshipping Goddess Gauri i.e. Goddess Parvati.

Haritalika Teej

In Nepal Hindu women observe an annual public holiday to celebrate the festival of Haritalika Teej, which is celebrated as the commemoration of the “marriage of the God Shiva to the Goddess Parvati”. It falls on the Tritiya of Shukla Paksha within the month of Bhadra. On Teej Festival, Nepalese women dress up in their beautiful red saris and that fast to honor Lord Shiva and also pray for a happy marriage. The fast taken on today is one among the toughest fasts as women don't eat or drink anything all day. They only drink water after completing the worship in the evening and don't eat any cooked food until the subsequent morning. Women celebrate this festival to wish to Lord Shiva for a husband like him and married women observe this festival for the long life of their husbands also on have the same husband in their next lives.

Indra Jatra

Indra Jatra is an important harvest festival in Kathmandu Valley, this festival is additionally referred to as Yenyā. On today there's a public holiday within the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal. Local people of Kathmandu valley take a day off, schools and most businesses are closed today to celebrate the festival. This holiday takes place on the 15th day of Yala which is that the 11th month within the Nepal Sambat calendar. Indra Jatra is one of the vital annual festivals in Nepal but more particularly within the capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu. “Indra” is actually the name of the Hindu god; god of rain and king of heaven and “Jatra” means “procession”. Hence, in honor of the Hindu god Indra, the Indra Jatra procession is held. There's a public holiday on Indra Jatra. Indra Jatra festival is an eight-day-long festival. This festival falls within the month of September and is one of the foremost exciting and revered festivals of the Newar community in the Kathmandu Valley.

Constitution Day

On September 20th annually in Nepal, Constitution Day is celebrated. Nepali Constitution Day is a public holiday in Nepal. The adoption of the present constitution was effected on 20th September 2015 by replacing the Interim Constitution of 2007.


Dashain is a 15 days long festival and is the longest and therefore the biggest festival celebrated in Nepal by Nepalese people. It's regarded not just as a religious but also a national festival of Nepal. The Dashain is celebrated on the 10th Day which is known as Bijaya Dashami or Bada Dashain, which is widely known to commemorate the win of good over evil. The first day of Dashain is Ghatasthapana, and for 9 days, everyday Goddess Devi like Durga, Kali is worshiped, known as Navaratri. The 10th day of Dashain, Bijaya Dashami is celebrated to commemorate the fight of Goddess Nav Durga with Mahisasur also because it is additionally celebrated because the last day of the ten days long war between Lord Ram and Ravana, in which Lord Ram killed Ravana on this day. The festival starts from Ashwin Pratipada with Ghatasthapana as the first day of the festival and therefore the Dashain Tika is taken on the Dashami of Ashwin Shukla Paksha (bright lunar fortnight) of the month of Ashwin to the Purnima. The dates of the festival are based on the lunar Hindu calendar. There's a public holiday of 5 days during Dashain, but schools and colleges provide holidays for 1 month, starting from Ghatasthapana of Dashain to Tihar or Chhath festival.

Tihar (Deepawali)

Tihar begins with Kaag Tihar on Trayodashi of Kartik Krishna Paksha and ends with Bhai Tika on Dwitiya of Kartik Krishna Paksha. it's a five-day-long festival celebrated in Nepal and India. Tihar is additionally known as Deepawali or Divali, but it's celebrated more than just festivals of lights because it is completed in most places of India. In Tihar, Bhai Tika is also celebrated on the last day, and from the third day which is known as Laxmi Pooja, Deusi Bhailo is played by children. Laxmi Pooja is that the day dedicated to Goddess Laxmi which is that the Goddess of Wealth.

Tihar is the second-biggest Nepalese festival after Dashain and is usually allocated a three-day-long national holiday. The festival is novel therein it indicates reverence to not just the elders and therefore the gods, but also to the animals like crows, cows, and dogs that have long-lived in relationship with humans. People make Rangoli in their courtyard which is meant to be a sacred welcoming vicinity for the Gods and Goddesses of Hinduism, primarily Goddess Laxmi. The 5 days festival, Tihar’s 1st day is named Kaag Tihar, 2nd day is named Kukur Tihar, 3rd day is named Gai Tihar and Laxmi Puja, 4th day is named Govardhan Puja and therefore the last day or 5th day is named Bhai Tika. There's a public holiday on Laxmi puja, Gobardhan puja, and Bhai tika.

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