Facts About Nepal– Everything you need to know

You could possibly have known about a nation named Nepal. Indeed, on the off chance that you haven't heard anything yet, or regardless of whether you have heard some astonishing realities about Nepal, this article will serve you as a concise prologue to the most stunning realities about Nepal.

Nepal is surely quite possibly the most delightful nation on the planet. The following are the 100 Astonishing and Amazing Facts about Nepal which will doubtlessly cause you to gain proficiency for certain new things about Nepal. Nepal is a multi-social, multi-ethnic, multi-strict country that is wealthy ever, with workmanship, culture, regular assets, biodiversity, standards and values, and numerous other significant components that consistently make a Nepali pleased. So here are the 100 realities about Nepal:

Name of Nepal:

The official Name of Nepal is the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, the name was transformed from the Kingdom of Nepal after the abolishment of the government in 2008 AD.

The name of Nepal is gotten from a Sage whose name was "Ne" Muni (Sage). The land was secured by the savvy "Ne" Muni and the word 'buddy' signifies defender. This is the manner by which Nepal got its name. The name of Nepal has been in presence since the hour of the Vedic time frame.

The name of Nepal is likewise referenced in the different Hindu messages like Artharvaved Parisista, Atharvashirsha Upanishad, and so on.

The word Nepal used to mean just Kathmandu valley before the unification of Nepal. Subsequent to King Prithivi Narayan Shah prevailed upon the Kathmandu valley, he made Kathmandu valley the new capital city of Gorkha Kingdom, later with time, the Gorkha Kingdom was known as the Kingdom of Nepal after the name of its capital.

Location and Geography of Nepal:

Nepal is within the Himalayas of the South Asia region, located in between two giant countries in terms of area and population that are India and China.

Nepal is a landlocked country with no direct contact with the ocean.
Nepal borders India within the south, east, and west whereas China in the north only. The closest other two countries from Nepal are Bangladesh and Bhutan.

Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of the southeastern tip of Nepal and Bhutan is separated by the Indian state of Sikkim from Nepal.

The high mountainous region called the Himalayas or Himal is within the Northern part, Hilly regions called Pahad are within the mid and lowland regions containing plains referred to as the Terai area in the southern part. These all regions are in parallel with one another from East to West of Nepal.

Nepal is especially located in the Himalayan region but features diverse geography, which incorporates fertile lands of the Gangetic Plain, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains, including Mt. Everest, the highest peak of the planet.

The dramatic change in elevation within 193 km of distance between North and South of Nepal (which is about 60 m in Terai and 8848 m within the Himalayas) makes it possess great biodiversity within a little area.

Nepal is in between two tectonic plates, Indian tectonic plates, and Tibetan tectonic plates. The penetration of Indian Tectonic plates with Tibetan plates has raised the Himalayas. Thanks to this reason, Nepal is susceptible to Earthquakes and lots of large Earthquakes have already destroyed the Himalayan nation, Nepal, from time to time.

The last major earthquake in Nepal was in April 2015 AD which killed quite 8000 people and made thousands of individuals homeless. Nepal has the deepest gorge on the planet, Kali Gandaki gorge

History of Nepal:

Nepal is that the only country within the world that has never been colonized within the history of the planet. It's always been an independent and sovereign nation. The first dynasty to rule Nepal is that the Gopala dynasty whose main occupations were agriculture and cattle rearing, mainly cows. The Gopala dynasty was followed by Abhir, Kirant, Lichhavi, Malla, Thakuri, Sen, and Shah Dynasties. The unification campaign of Nepal was started by the King of the Shah dynasty of Nepal, Prithivi Narayan Shah.

There have been hundreds of small Kingdoms in Nepal before the unification campaign started mainly divided into Kathmandu Valley, Baise Rajya, Chaubise Rajya, Sen Kingdoms, and other various states with many Kingdoms within these Kingdoms.

Nepal lost one-third of the land to the British East India Company during the Anglo-Nepal war after the Sugauli treaty.
The war against the British during the Anglo-Nepal war made the British realize the extraordinary bravery of the Nepalese people and that they even praised the bravery of Gurkhali soldiers by erecting a war memorial at the Nalapani fort in honor of Gurkhali soldiers and Captain Bir Balbhadra Kunwar of the Gurkhali army.

Nepal didn’t participate in the war directly but became an ally of England in both of the planet wars and sent many troops to fight for Britain because the connection of Nepal and Britain was friendly after the Anglo-Nepal war.
After the Anglo-Nepal war, Nepalese were recruited in the British Malay Archipelago Company and even today Nepalese are recruited within the Gurkha Regiment of the Indian Army and therefore the Royal Gurkha Rifles of the UK.
Nepal was ruled by the Prime Minister of the Rana dynasty and that they maintained friendly relations with Britain during the time of world wars. Thanks to this, 4 districts of Nepal were returned to Nepal which was lost to the British Malay Archipelago Company after the Sugauli treaty.

The entire royalty of King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah was massacred in 2001 AD. Brother of King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah, Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah, became the last king of the Shah dynasty also because the last king of the country to rule Nepal.

Nepal became a Secular Federal Democratic Republic country in 2008 AD from the Hindu Kingdom.
Nepal was honored because the only Hindu Kingdom on the planet till 2008.
Mustang was given the status of dominion by the King of Nepal but it also led to 2008 when its suzerain Kingdom of Nepal became a republic. The last official and later unofficial King (Raja or Gyelpo) of Mustang was Jigme Dorje Palbar Bista.

Flag of Nepal:

The flag of Nepal is one of the unique flags within the world which is that the only non-quadrilateral flag of the world.
It's the sole flag with two single pennons or double pennons or triangles.
The flag is that the most mathematical within the world.

The flag carries the historical and cultural aspect of Nepal as it’s the sole flag remaining within the world which features a triangular shape which was the common shape for flags within the ancient Indian Subcontinent, also because the triangular shape of the flag, remains used for flags of Gods and Temples in Nepal and India.

It's still unknown who created the flag of Nepal or since when it's alive. But the Flag of Nepal was modernized at the request of King Mahendra by Shankar Nath Rimal who was a renowned architect at that point.

People of Nepal:

People of Nepal are known as Nepali, Nepalese, Gurkhali, Gorkhali, Gorkha, or Gurkha. Nepal includes a population of about 30 Million. The district with the highest population in Kathmandu and therefore the lowest is Manang.
Nepalese people are of Aryan, Tibetan, Indigenous, and mixed-race individuals, which makes Nepal a multi-ethnic country. There are quite 101 ethnic groups in Nepal.

People of Nepal are known within the world as “Brave Gurkhali” for his or her extraordinary bravery and fierce fighting skills.

Kathmandu is that the capital city of Nepal which is that the densely populated city of the country having quite a 7 million population.
Nepalese are known to be brave, loyal, fierce warriors also as simple, friendly, and respectful people.

Religions in Nepal:

Nepal is home to Hindus and Buddhists of the world as there are many temples, shrines, and pilgrimage associated with Hindus and Buddhists everywhere in Nepal.

The sunshine of Asia, Gautam Buddha, was born in Nepal. Gautam Buddha was born as Prince Siddhartha Gautam of the Shakya Kingdom in Lumbini, Nepal.

Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautam Buddha is one of the pilgrimages for Buddhists everywhere on the planet.
Janakpur of Nepal is additionally the birthplace of Princess Janaki also referred to as Goddess Sita, wife of Lord Ram.
About 81.3% of people follow Hinduism, 9% follow Buddhism, 4.4% people follow Islam, 3.1% follow Kirant, 1.4% Christianity, 0.5% follow Prakriti (Nature worship) and remaining follow other religions like Jainism, Sikhism, etc.
In terms of the share of the population, Nepal has the largest percentage of Hindus in the world.
Nepal is that the last Hindu Kingdom in the world.

Lord Pashupatinath, a kind of Lord Shiva, is considered because of the guardian deity of the nation. Nepal also features a living Goddess referred to as “Kumari”. Prepubescent girl children are chosen to be Kumari.

It's difficult in Nepal to differentiate between Hindus and Buddhists as both religions’ people consider Buddha, Machhendranath, etc as common God and participate in festivals associated with these gods also as in other festivals. There’s a spiritual harmony in Hindus, Buddhists, and even with Muslims in Nepal. Hinduism and Buddhism are culturally entangled with one another in Nepal and the place of worship is often found together and even some places both of the religion’s followers have the same place of worship in Nepal.

The Capital and Cities:

The Capital city of Nepal is Kathmandu. Kathmandu is the most developed city of Nepal also as has ancient and historical importance. Kathmandu has been a route for traders from the Indian subcontinent with Tibet since earlier periods. Kathmandu is also referred to as the town of temples as temples can be seen in every corner of the town. Kathmandu has a minimum of 130 monuments and seven World Heritage Sites are within the Kathmandu Valley. Kathmandu valley has three districts Kathmandu, Lalitpur, and Bhaktapur. The total Kathmandu Valley is proposed as a separate capital territory and not the part of Bagmati Pardesh. Kathmandu is additionally one of the fastest-growing metropolitan cities of Nepal also as in South Asia. It's also the most important city in the Himalayas. Alongside Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Lalitpur are the fastest-growing cities of Nepal. There are five Metropolitan cities in Nepal which are Biratnagar, Birgunj, Bharatpur, Pokhara, Lalitpur, and Kathmandu. There are 11 sub-metropolitan cities in Nepal which are Hetauda, Janakpur, Dharan, Butwal, Nepalgunj, Itahari, Dhangadhi, Ghorahi, Tulsipur, Kalaiya and Jitpur-Simara. Pokhara is the most favorite tourist destination in Nepal and features a beautiful landscape, lakes, and sceneries of mountains.

International Airport:

There's just one International Airport in Nepal which is Tribhuvan International Airport. The airport is known after the King of Nepal, Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah.

The sole international airport Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) is already providing service to quite its limit, so there's new international airport construction happening in Nepal. Also as TIA goes to be upgraded for providing service to more passengers.

There are two international airports under construction which are Gautam Buddha International Airport, Siddharthanagar, and Pokhara International Airport, Pokhara. The Nijgadh Airport was proposed for upgrading to International Airport, but the Supreme Court of Nepal has halted the development of the project thanks to improper Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). If constructed, it might be the most important airport in Asia and therefore the fourth largest within the World.

Area of Nepal:

The total area of Nepal is 147,181 sq. meters.
Nepal covers 0.03% of the entire land area of the world and 0.3% of the total landmass of Asia.
In terms of Area, Nepal is the 93rd largest country in the world.
In terms of area, the largest district of Nepal is Dolpa and the smallest district of Nepal is Bhaktapur.

Mountains of Nepal:

Nepal has eight out of the highest 14 highest peaks in the world.
Everest, the very best mountain in the world, is also in Nepal which is about 8,848m high from sea level.
The eight mountains which are above 8000 meters height are Mt. Everest (8848m), Kanchanjunga (8598m), Lhotse (8516m), Makalu (8462m), Dhaulagiri (8167m), Manaslu (8156m), Cho Oyu (8153) and Annapurna (8091m), are only in Nepal as well as there are many other high mountains.

Water resources in Nepal:

Nepal is one of the richest countries in freshwater resources having abundances of rivers, lakes, springs, and groundwater. It stands at the 43rd position within the list of countries that have renewable fresh-water resources. There are about 6000 rivers in Nepal including rivulets and tributaries. The drainage density of Nepal is 0.3 Km/Km² and also the main sources of those rivers are the Himalayas glacier and snow. The most rivers of Nepal are SaptaKoshi, Sapta Gandaki and Karnali. Karnali is the longest river in Nepal. All of them meet at the river Ganges after reaching India.

Biodiversity of Nepal:

Nepal alone is habitat for 4.0% of all mammal species of the world, 8.9% of all bird species, 2.5% of all amphibian species, 1.0% of all reptile species, 1.9% of all fish species, 3.7% of butterfly species, 0.5% of moth species and 0.4% of spider species. It also has 2% of the angiosperm species, 3% of pteridophytes, and 6% of bryophytes within a neighborhood of 147,181 sq meters. Nepal also has 35 forest types and 118 sorts of ecosystems. It is also home to different species like red panda, one-horned rhinoceros, etc. The Shuklaphata park of Nepal is home to the most important herd of swamp deers in the world. There are 12 national parks, 1 wildlife reserve, 6 conservation areas, and 1 hunting reserve in Nepal.

National Anthem of Nepal:

The national anthem of Nepal is “Saya Thunga Phool ka Hami” which means “Garland of many flowers”. On August 3, 2007, it became the national anthem of Nepal.

The new anthem of Nepal is written by Byakul Maila and its music consists of Amber Gurung.
Before “Saya Thunga Phool ka Hami”, the national anthem of Nepal was “Shreeman Gambhir” written by Chakrapani Chalise.

Sports in Nepal:

The national sport of Nepal is Volleyball. Before volleyball, the national sport of Nepal was Kabbadi or Dandi-Biyo which were unofficial.

Volleyball became the National Sport of Nepal in 2017 as it is played in every part of the country from mountains to plains.
The sport Elephant Polo was originated in Nepal and its tournament is also organized by Nepal. Football, Cricket, Volleyball, Kabbadi, and Taekwondo are the foremost popular sports in Nepal.

National Symbols of Nepal:

Rhododendron (Lali Gurash) is the national flower of Nepal and Himalayan Monal (Danfe) is that the national bird of Nepal.

The cow is the national animal of Nepal.
Khukuri is the national weapon of Nepal.

The new coat of arms of Nepal contains the flag of Nepal, Mount Everest, green hills symbolizing the hilly regions of Nepal, and yellow color symbolizing the fertile Terai region, male and feminine hands joining to symbolize gender equality, and a garland of rhododendrons (the national flower). At the top, there's a white silhouette in the shape of Nepal.

Daura Suruwal for males and Gunyo Cholo for females are the traditional costumes of Nepalese people.
Crimson is the national color of Nepal.

Languages spoken in Nepal:

The official language of Nepal is Nepali and all mother tongues spoken in Nepal are recognized by Nepal.
Diverseness in Nepal’s linguistic heritage is inherited from three major language groups which are Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman, and various indigenous language isolates.

Nepali springs from the Sanskrit language and is written in the Devanagari.
There are quite 100 regional and native languages spoken alongside Nepali. Nepal also has a number of close to extinction indigenous language isolates.

In Nepal, the percentage of individuals speaking Nepali language is 44.6%, Maithili is 11.7%, Bhojpuri is 6.0%, Tharu is 5.8%, Tamang is 5.1%, Nepal Bhasa is 3.2%, Bajjika is 3% and Magar is 3.0%, Doteli is 3.0%, Urdu is 2.6%, Awadhi is 1.89%, and remaining other.

Administrative Divisions of Nepal:

Nepal is a Federal Republic country with 7 provinces and 77 Districts.
Previously, Nepal was divided into 75 districts, 14 zones, and 5 Development regions but after 2015 zones and development regions were become 7 provinces and 77 districts.

Seven provinces of Nepal are Province no 1, Province Number 2, Bagmati, Gandaki, Province Number 5, Karnali, and Sudurapaschim. Two provinces of Nepal have not yet finalized their names.

Laws and enforcement in Nepal:

Nepal has the Constitution of Nepal because of the supreme law of the land.
The Supreme Court of Nepal is the highest authority to interpret the laws.
The laws of Nepal are considered generally more progressive as compared to other developing countries, as well as many developed ones. There is no provision for the death penalty because the death penalty is abolished in Nepal for any quiet crime.

Nepal has provisions for LGBT rights and gender equality. It also recognizes marital rape and supports abortion rights; however, constraints are introduced for sex-selective abortions. The age of consent in Nepal is 16 years no matter gender or sexual orientation and the majority for marriage is 20 years for both males and females without judicial or parental consent but both males and females can marry at the age of 18 with parental consent.

Nepal and India Relation:

Nepal and India have signed the 1950 Treaty of Peace and Friendship. Due to this treaty, Nepal shares an open border with India and doesn’t require a visa or passport to work or visit or stay in India as long as they want.

Indians can also work or visit or stay in Nepal as long as they need without a visa or passport as per the treaty.
Nepal is far closer to India, as they share a common culture and the same ancient history and religions.

Nepal and China Relation:

Nepal and the People’s Republic of China have signed the Treaty of Peace and Friendship in 1960.
Citizens of both countries, Nepal and China, can travel as far as 30Km without a visa

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