You could possibly have known about a nation named Nepal. Indeed, on the off chance that you haven't heard anything yet, or regardless of whether you have heard some astonishing realities about Nepal, this article will serve you as a concise prologue to the most stunning realities about Nepal.

Nepal is surely quite possibly the most delightful nation on the planet. The following are the 100 Astonishing and Amazing Facts about Nepal which will doubtlessly cause you to gain proficiency for certain new things about Nepal. Nepal is a multi-social, multi-ethnic, multi-strict country that is wealthy ever, with workmanship, culture, regular assets, biodiversity, standards and values, and numerous other significant components that consistently make a Nepali pleased. So here are the 100 realities about Nepal:

Name of Nepal:

The official Name of Nepal is the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, the name was transformed from the Kingdom of Nepal after the abolishment of the government in 2008 AD.

The name of Nepal is gotten from a Sage whose name was "Ne" Muni (Sage). The land was secured by the savvy "Ne" Muni and the word 'buddy' signifies defender. This is the manner by which Nepal got its name. The name of Nepal has been in presence since the hour of the Vedic time frame.

The name of Nepal is likewise referenced in the different Hindu messages like Artharvaved Parisista, Atharvashirsha Upanishad, and so on.

The word Nepal used to mean just Kathmandu valley before the unification of Nepal. Subsequent to King Prithivi Narayan Shah prevailed upon the Kathmandu valley, he made Kathmandu valley the new capital city of Gorkha Kingdom, later with time, the Gorkha Kingdom was known as the Kingdom of Nepal after the name of its capital.

Location and Geography of Nepal:

Nepal is within the Himalayas of the South Asia region, located in between two giant countries in terms of area and population that are India and China.

Nepal is a landlocked country with no direct contact with the ocean.
Nepal borders India within the south, east, and west whereas China in the north only. The closest other two countries from Nepal are Bangladesh and Bhutan.

Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of the southeastern tip of Nepal and Bhutan is separated by the Indian state of Sikkim from Nepal.

The high mountainous region called the Himalayas or Himal is within the Northern part, Hilly regions called Pahad are within the mid and lowland regions containing plains referred to as the Terai area in the southern part. These all regions are in parallel with one another from East to West of Nepal.

Nepal is especially located in the Himalayan region but features diverse geography, which incorporates fertile lands of the Gangetic Plain, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains, including Mt. Everest, the highest peak of the planet.

The dramatic change in elevation within 193 km of distance between North and South of Nepal (which is about 60 m in Terai and 8848 m within the Himalayas) makes it possess great biodiversity within a little area.

Nepal is in between two tectonic plates, Indian tectonic plates, and Tibetan tectonic plates. The penetration of Indian Tectonic plates with Tibetan plates has raised the Himalayas. Thanks to this reason, Nepal is susceptible to Earthquakes and lots of large Earthquakes have already destroyed the Himalayan nation, Nepal, from time to time.

The last major earthquake in Nepal was in April 2015 AD which killed quite 8000 people and made thousands of individuals homeless. Nepal has the deepest gorge on the planet, Kali Gandaki gorge

History of Nepal:

Nepal is that the only country within the world that has never been colonized within the history of the planet. It's always been an independent and sovereign nation. The first dynasty to rule Nepal is that the Gopala dynasty whose main occupations were agriculture and cattle rearing, mainly cows. The Gopala dynasty was followed by Abhir, Kirant, Lichhavi, Malla, Thakuri, Sen, and Shah Dynasties. The unification campaign of Nepal was started by the King of the Shah dynasty of Nepal, Prithivi Narayan Shah.

There have been hundreds of small Kingdoms in Nepal before the unification campaign started mainly divided into Kathmandu Valley, Baise Rajya, Chaubise Rajya, Sen Kingdoms, and other various states with many Kingdoms within these Kingdoms.

Nepal lost one-third of the land to the British East India Company during the Anglo-Nepal war after the Sugauli treaty.
The war against the British during the Anglo-Nepal war made the British realize the extraordinary bravery of the Nepalese people and that they even praised the bravery of Gurkhali soldiers by erecting a war memorial at the Nalapani fort in honor of Gurkhali soldiers and Captain Bir Balbhadra Kunwar of the Gurkhali army.

Nepal didn’t participate in the war directly but became an ally of England in both of the planet wars and sent many troops to fight for Britain because the connection of Nepal and Britain was friendly after the Anglo-Nepal war.
After the Anglo-Nepal war, Nepalese were recruited in the British Malay Archipelago Company and even today Nepalese are recruited within the Gurkha Regiment of the Indian Army and therefore the Royal Gurkha Rifles of the UK.
Nepal was ruled by the Prime Minister of the Rana dynasty and that they maintained friendly relations with Britain during the time of world wars. Thanks to this, 4 districts of Nepal were returned to Nepal which was lost to the British Malay Archipelago Company after the Sugauli treaty.

The entire royalty of King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah was massacred in 2001 AD. Brother of King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah, Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah, became the last king of the Shah dynasty also because the last king of the country to rule Nepal.

Nepal became a Secular Federal Democratic Republic country in 2008 AD from the Hindu Kingdom.
Nepal was honored because the only Hindu Kingdom on the planet till 2008.
Mustang was given the status of dominion by the King of Nepal but it also led to 2008 when its suzerain Kingdom of Nepal became a republic. The last official and later unofficial King (Raja or Gyelpo) of Mustang was Jigme Dorje Palbar Bista.

Flag of Nepal:

The flag of Nepal is one of the unique flags within the world which is that the only non-quadrilateral flag of the world.
It's the sole flag with two single pennons or double pennons or triangles.
The flag is that the most mathematical within the world.

The flag carries the historical and cultural aspect of Nepal as it’s the sole flag remaining within the world which features a triangular shape which was the common shape for flags within the ancient Indian Subcontinent, also because the triangular shape of the flag, remains used for flags of Gods and Temples in Nepal and India.

It's still unknown who created the flag of Nepal or since when it's alive. But the Flag of Nepal was modernized at the request of King Mahendra by Shankar Nath Rimal who was a renowned architect at that point.

People of Nepal:

People of Nepal are known as Nepali, Nepalese, Gurkhali, Gorkhali, Gorkha, or Gurkha. Nepal includes a population of about 30 Million. The district with the highest population in Kathmandu and therefore the lowest is Manang.
Nepalese people are of Aryan, Tibetan, Indigenous, and mixed-race individuals, which makes Nepal a multi-ethnic country. There are quite 101 ethnic groups in Nepal.

People of Nepal are known within the world as “Brave Gurkhali” for his or her extraordinary bravery and fierce fighting skills.

Kathmandu is that the capital city of Nepal which is that the densely populated city of the country having quite a 7 million population.
Nepalese are known to be brave, loyal, fierce warriors also as simple, friendly, and respectful people.

Religions in Nepal:

Nepal is home to Hindus and Buddhists of the world as there are many temples, shrines, and pilgrimage associated with Hindus and Buddhists everywhere in Nepal.

The sunshine of Asia, Gautam Buddha, was born in Nepal. Gautam Buddha was born as Prince Siddhartha Gautam of the Shakya Kingdom in Lumbini, Nepal.

Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautam Buddha is one of the pilgrimages for Buddhists everywhere on the planet.
Janakpur of Nepal is additionally the birthplace of Princess Janaki also referred to as Goddess Sita, wife of Lord Ram.
About 81.3% of people follow Hinduism, 9% follow Buddhism, 4.4% people follow Islam, 3.1% follow Kirant, 1.4% Christianity, 0.5% follow Prakriti (Nature worship) and remaining follow other religions like Jainism, Sikhism, etc.
In terms of the share of the population, Nepal has the largest percentage of Hindus in the world.
Nepal is that the last Hindu Kingdom in the world.

Lord Pashupatinath, a kind of Lord Shiva, is considered because of the guardian deity of the nation. Nepal also features a living Goddess referred to as “Kumari”. Prepubescent girl children are chosen to be Kumari.

It's difficult in Nepal to differentiate between Hindus and Buddhists as both religions’ people consider Buddha, Machhendranath, etc as common God and participate in festivals associated with these gods also as in other festivals. There’s a spiritual harmony in Hindus, Buddhists, and even with Muslims in Nepal. Hinduism and Buddhism are culturally entangled with one another in Nepal and the place of worship is often found together and even some places both of the religion’s followers have the same place of worship in Nepal.

The Capital and Cities:

The Capital city of Nepal is Kathmandu. Kathmandu is the most developed city of Nepal also as has ancient and historical importance. Kathmandu has been a route for traders from the Indian subcontinent with Tibet since earlier periods. Kathmandu is also referred to as the town of temples as temples can be seen in every corner of the town. Kathmandu has a minimum of 130 monuments and seven World Heritage Sites are within the Kathmandu Valley. Kathmandu valley has three districts Kathmandu, Lalitpur, and Bhaktapur. The total Kathmandu Valley is proposed as a separate capital territory and not the part of Bagmati Pardesh. Kathmandu is additionally one of the fastest-growing metropolitan cities of Nepal also as in South Asia. It's also the most important city in the Himalayas. Alongside Kathmandu, Bhaktapur and Lalitpur are the fastest-growing cities of Nepal. There are five Metropolitan cities in Nepal which are Biratnagar, Birgunj, Bharatpur, Pokhara, Lalitpur, and Kathmandu. There are 11 sub-metropolitan cities in Nepal which are Hetauda, Janakpur, Dharan, Butwal, Nepalgunj, Itahari, Dhangadhi, Ghorahi, Tulsipur, Kalaiya and Jitpur-Simara. Pokhara is the most favorite tourist destination in Nepal and features a beautiful landscape, lakes, and sceneries of mountains.

International Airport:

There's just one International Airport in Nepal which is Tribhuvan International Airport. The airport is known after the King of Nepal, Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah.

The sole international airport Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) is already providing service to quite its limit, so there's new international airport construction happening in Nepal. Also as TIA goes to be upgraded for providing service to more passengers.

There are two international airports under construction which are Gautam Buddha International Airport, Siddharthanagar, and Pokhara International Airport, Pokhara. The Nijgadh Airport was proposed for upgrading to International Airport, but the Supreme Court of Nepal has halted the development of the project thanks to improper Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA). If constructed, it might be the most important airport in Asia and therefore the fourth largest within the World.

Area of Nepal:

The total area of Nepal is 147,181 sq. meters.
Nepal covers 0.03% of the entire land area of the world and 0.3% of the total landmass of Asia.
In terms of Area, Nepal is the 93rd largest country in the world.
In terms of area, the largest district of Nepal is Dolpa and the smallest district of Nepal is Bhaktapur.

Mountains of Nepal:

Nepal has eight out of the highest 14 highest peaks in the world.
Everest, the very best mountain in the world, is also in Nepal which is about 8,848m high from sea level.
The eight mountains which are above 8000 meters height are Mt. Everest (8848m), Kanchanjunga (8598m), Lhotse (8516m), Makalu (8462m), Dhaulagiri (8167m), Manaslu (8156m), Cho Oyu (8153) and Annapurna (8091m), are only in Nepal as well as there are many other high mountains.

Water resources in Nepal:

Nepal is one of the richest countries in freshwater resources having abundances of rivers, lakes, springs, and groundwater. It stands at the 43rd position within the list of countries that have renewable fresh-water resources. There are about 6000 rivers in Nepal including rivulets and tributaries. The drainage density of Nepal is 0.3 Km/Km² and also the main sources of those rivers are the Himalayas glacier and snow. The most rivers of Nepal are SaptaKoshi, Sapta Gandaki and Karnali. Karnali is the longest river in Nepal. All of them meet at the river Ganges after reaching India.

Biodiversity of Nepal:

Nepal alone is habitat for 4.0% of all mammal species of the world, 8.9% of all bird species, 2.5% of all amphibian species, 1.0% of all reptile species, 1.9% of all fish species, 3.7% of butterfly species, 0.5% of moth species and 0.4% of spider species. It also has 2% of the angiosperm species, 3% of pteridophytes, and 6% of bryophytes within a neighborhood of 147,181 sq meters. Nepal also has 35 forest types and 118 sorts of ecosystems. It is also home to different species like red panda, one-horned rhinoceros, etc. The Shuklaphata park of Nepal is home to the most important herd of swamp deers in the world. There are 12 national parks, 1 wildlife reserve, 6 conservation areas, and 1 hunting reserve in Nepal.

National Anthem of Nepal:

The national anthem of Nepal is “Saya Thunga Phool ka Hami” which means “Garland of many flowers”. On August 3, 2007, it became the national anthem of Nepal.

The new anthem of Nepal is written by Byakul Maila and its music consists of Amber Gurung.
Before “Saya Thunga Phool ka Hami”, the national anthem of Nepal was “Shreeman Gambhir” written by Chakrapani Chalise.

Sports in Nepal:

The national sport of Nepal is Volleyball. Before volleyball, the national sport of Nepal was Kabbadi or Dandi-Biyo which were unofficial.

Volleyball became the National Sport of Nepal in 2017 as it is played in every part of the country from mountains to plains.
The sport Elephant Polo was originated in Nepal and its tournament is also organized by Nepal. Football, Cricket, Volleyball, Kabbadi, and Taekwondo are the foremost popular sports in Nepal.

National Symbols of Nepal:

Rhododendron (Lali Gurash) is the national flower of Nepal and Himalayan Monal (Danfe) is that the national bird of Nepal.

The cow is the national animal of Nepal.
Khukuri is the national weapon of Nepal.

The new coat of arms of Nepal contains the flag of Nepal, Mount Everest, green hills symbolizing the hilly regions of Nepal, and yellow color symbolizing the fertile Terai region, male and feminine hands joining to symbolize gender equality, and a garland of rhododendrons (the national flower). At the top, there's a white silhouette in the shape of Nepal.

Daura Suruwal for males and Gunyo Cholo for females are the traditional costumes of Nepalese people.
Crimson is the national color of Nepal.

Languages spoken in Nepal:

The official language of Nepal is Nepali and all mother tongues spoken in Nepal are recognized by Nepal.
Diverseness in Nepal’s linguistic heritage is inherited from three major language groups which are Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman, and various indigenous language isolates.

Nepali springs from the Sanskrit language and is written in the Devanagari.
There are quite 100 regional and native languages spoken alongside Nepali. Nepal also has a number of close to extinction indigenous language isolates.

In Nepal, the percentage of individuals speaking Nepali language is 44.6%, Maithili is 11.7%, Bhojpuri is 6.0%, Tharu is 5.8%, Tamang is 5.1%, Nepal Bhasa is 3.2%, Bajjika is 3% and Magar is 3.0%, Doteli is 3.0%, Urdu is 2.6%, Awadhi is 1.89%, and remaining other.

Administrative Divisions of Nepal:

Nepal is a Federal Republic country with 7 provinces and 77 Districts.
Previously, Nepal was divided into 75 districts, 14 zones, and 5 Development regions but after 2015 zones and development regions were become 7 provinces and 77 districts.

Seven provinces of Nepal are Province no 1, Province Number 2, Bagmati, Gandaki, Province Number 5, Karnali, and Sudurapaschim. Two provinces of Nepal have not yet finalized their names.

Laws and enforcement in Nepal:

Nepal has the Constitution of Nepal because of the supreme law of the land.
The Supreme Court of Nepal is the highest authority to interpret the laws.
The laws of Nepal are considered generally more progressive as compared to other developing countries, as well as many developed ones. There is no provision for the death penalty because the death penalty is abolished in Nepal for any quiet crime.

Nepal has provisions for LGBT rights and gender equality. It also recognizes marital rape and supports abortion rights; however, constraints are introduced for sex-selective abortions. The age of consent in Nepal is 16 years no matter gender or sexual orientation and the majority for marriage is 20 years for both males and females without judicial or parental consent but both males and females can marry at the age of 18 with parental consent.

Nepal and India Relation:

Nepal and India have signed the 1950 Treaty of Peace and Friendship. Due to this treaty, Nepal shares an open border with India and doesn’t require a visa or passport to work or visit or stay in India as long as they want.

Indians can also work or visit or stay in Nepal as long as they need without a visa or passport as per the treaty.
Nepal is far closer to India, as they share a common culture and the same ancient history and religions.

Nepal and China Relation:

Nepal and the People’s Republic of China have signed the Treaty of Peace and Friendship in 1960.
Citizens of both countries, Nepal and China, can travel as far as 30Km without a visa

Public Holidays in Nepal are declared by the govt of Nepal at the beginning of Nepalese New Year for a period of 1 year which dates are based on the Bikram Sambat (B.S.) Calendar. Bikram Sambat calendar of Nepal is a Luni-Solar Calendar, however, for the celebration of international days and festivals of other religious groups, their respective calendars are used like A.D and Islamic calendar. People in Nepal celebrate various national, international also as different festivals of religious groups and communities. Though, it's not unreal that each day there's some festival in Nepal but only a couple of those events are observed as Public Holidays in Nepal. Public Holidays may get cut or added depending upon the ruling government decision and on public demand, however, now each province can assign Local Public Holidays if the festivals or any special days of the area people which are celebrated specifically therein region or province only weren't included publicly Holidays List by Government of Nepal.

After the govt of Nepal Communist Party (NCP) came into power, many religious and national days were removed from the general public Holidays list and had to be celebrated without Holidays. The national days which were celebrated as public holidays have been changed to non-holidays national days that include Republic Day, Democracy Day, government officials Day, National Solidarity Day (Prithivi Jayanti / National Unity Day), and Ethnic Discrimination and Untouchability Eradication National Day. Similarly, festivals like Ram Navami, Krishna Janmashtami, Janai Purnima, Guru Purnima, etc are not included within the Public Holidays list of Nepal.

Maha Shivaratri

Maha Shivaratri is a Hindu celebration commended yearly to pay tribute to Lord Shiva. The name furthermore refers to the night when Shiva plays out the heavenly dance. Shivaratri is celebrated on Trayodashi of Falgun Krishna paksha, a lunar month of the Hindu schedule. As it is celebrated the evening of Chaturdashi, the month's thirteenth evening, yet just a single time in a year. It falls around pre-spring, February/March of the Gregorian schedule, and on the Falgun of Luni-sun powered schedule, which is sooner than the appearance of Summer. The celebration Maha Shivaratri signifies "the Great Night of Shiva". There is a public occasion on this day to observe Maha Shivaratri in Nepal. The Maha Shivaratri is a special day for the Nepalese Army as Nepal Army celebrates the day as Nepal Army Day.

Maghe Sankranti

Maghe Sankranti is a celebration celebrated by various communities in Nepal. It is seen on the absolute first day of Magh of the Bikram Sambat (B.S) calendar. This is a cultural and religious day for Hindus everywhere in the world. Sankranti is the principal day of the month, and out of all Sankranti, Maghe Sankranti is celebrated with delight and fervor. This celebration is likewise like solstice celebrations in other strict practices. Maghe Sankranti is seen in Nepal from Mechi to Mahakali and by various networks and ethnic gatherings, however all in an unexpected way. In certain spots, various sorts of society melodies and dance are performed and in certain networks, it is praised by cooking yams, sweet potatoes, and desserts and trading these dishes with neighbors.

Gyalpo Losar

Gyalpo Losar is another Losar celebrated in Nepal by Sherpas and other ethnic groups of the Himalayan and hilly regions of Nepal. the general public holiday is given to the ethnos and communities where this Losar is widely known in Nepal mainly by Sherpa. Gyalpo Lhosar is additionally celebrated in Tibet as Tibetan New Year , which falls within the month of February within the English Calendar and it falls on Falgun Shukla Pratipada within the Nepali calendar system. it's celebrated for nearly fortnight . Preparation for the festival begins by making some special quite Sherpa snack Khapse (deep-fried bread) which is usually eaten during the day of Lhosar.

Sonam Losar

In Nepal, it’s referred to as Sonam Losar or Lochar. Losar or Lochar is a term used for the New Year and is widely known by different ethnic groups of the Himalayan and hilly regions of Nepal. Sonam Losar is widely known because the New Year for the Tamang community and public holiday is given only to Tamang people on today . it's celebrated on the primary day of the new phase of the moon during the month of Magh consistent with the Nepali Bikram Sambat calendar. it's celebrated in many parts of India, Bhutan, and Nepal. Tibetans, Bhutanese, Tibetan Buddhists, and certain ethnic groups in Nepal, Bhutan, and India celebrate Sonam Losar.

Ghode Jatra

Ghode Jatra is a public holiday within the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal only, which is observed on the new phase of the moon of Chaitra Shukla Paksha within the Eastern calendar , which basically means it falls in March or April within the western calendar.

This holiday is a popular horse festival that takes place in Kathmandu valley with a grand parade in Tundikhel with acrobats and other performances by Nepali Army.

International Women’s day

In Nepal, International Women’s Day is widely known on the 8th of March every year. On International Women’s day, we celebrate the social, economic, cultural, and political achievements of women. On this day ongoing gender inequality is highlighted and women who are fighting continuously for gender equality are praised. It’s a vacation just for women.

Basanta Panchami (Saraswati Puja)

There is a vacation on Basant Panchami just for educational institutions. Students and Teachers in educational institutions like schools and colleges worship and pray to Goddess Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge, thereon day. Basanta Panchami is additionally referred to as Saraswati Puja, it's a Hindu festival that's celebrated to worship Goddess Saraswati. And Basant Panchami marks the start of the spring season. Usually, people celebrate Basanta Panchami by wearing a brand new dress, eating sweets referred to as Budiya as prasad.


Holi is a popular Hindu festival that is also referred to as a festival of colors. Holi is widely known for the use of various colors and colored water. The festival signifies the victory of excellent over immoral. This festival also celebrates the start of an honest spring harvest season. Holi is celebrated within the month of February. On Holi, there are two-day public holidays. the first day holiday is provided in Hilly regions and therefore the second day holiday is provided in terai, but now with a mixture of culture in both regions, both days are celebrated as Holi in both regions. Different ethnic groups celebrate Holi in their traditional way, however, children enjoy it in a new way by doing pool parties with colors.

Nepali New Year

Nepali New Year is a national holiday in Nepal. This holiday marks the first day of the Bikram Sambat calendar which is that the official calendar of Nepal. The first day of the Nepali New Year is celebrated by wearing new clothes and by eating delicious foods reception. Although many countries within the world celebrate Gregorian New Year, in Nepal, more priority is given to Nepalese New Year and everybody celebrates it. it's also a new year for several states of India like Punjab, Bengal, etc.

Buddha Jayanti

Buddha Jayanti is a religious festival that's celebrated by Buddhists as well as Hindus. it's the celebration of the birth of Lord Gautam Buddha. Gautam Buddha’s birthday is celebrated in most of East Asia. Prince Siddhartha Gautam who got enlightened and has become Gautam Buddha is that the founding father of Buddhism and he's also the Ninth Avatar of Lord Bishnu according to Hinduism. Buddha is known because of the light of Asia and was born around 563–483 BCE in Lumbini, Nepal, and raised within the Shakya capital of Kapilavastu. The day is said as a public holiday and observed annually nationwide in Nepal to celebrate Buddha’s life and teachings. Buddha Jayanti falls on Baisakhi Shukla Purnima (Full moon of Baisakhi month).

Labour Day

Labour Day is an international day that's declared as a public holiday in Nepal. It's locally referred to as Majdur Diwas in Nepal. Majdur diwas is a particularly large and important holiday, today is widely known on May 1st every year in Nepal and also in most other nations that observe it. Most of the socialist and labor unions celebrate this day by organizing some programs to enhance wages and working conditions of the workforce.

Gai Jatra

Gai Jatra is usually known as the cow festival in Nepali. Gai Jatra is a festival that is celebrated within the Kathmandu valley by the Newar community. This festival is celebrated within the month of Bhadra of the Hindu calendar. Today usually, the Ministry of Home Affairs of Nepal announces public holidays in Kathmandu valley. This Hindu festival commemorates those who have died during the year and is celebrated on the primary day of the dark fortnight of the month of Bhadra, which means it always falls in August or September. It's now celebrated outside Kathmandu valley also, in many other places where there are Newar communities.

Gaura Parba

Gaura Parba is especially celebrated within the Far western region of Nepal. like all other religious festivals of Hindus, Gaura Parba is additionally celebrated based on the Hindu lunar calendar, on Bhadra Shukla Ashtami, and that’s why its date changes on the Gregorian calendar every year. Gaura Parva tends to fall on the month of Bhadra and therefore the Gregorian calendar, it falls in late August or early September. It's celebrated in Far Western districts of Nepal and also in some areas of the neighboring country India in Uttarakhand State. Gaura Parva continues for 3 days and is both religious and cultural in character. The government of Nepal provides a public holiday on the occasion of Gaura Parva for the people of Sudurpaschim. Gaura Parva is an annual Hindu festival that's celebrated by worshipping Goddess Gauri i.e. Goddess Parvati.

Haritalika Teej

In Nepal Hindu women observe an annual public holiday to celebrate the festival of Haritalika Teej, which is celebrated as the commemoration of the “marriage of the God Shiva to the Goddess Parvati”. It falls on the Tritiya of Shukla Paksha within the month of Bhadra. On Teej Festival, Nepalese women dress up in their beautiful red saris and that fast to honor Lord Shiva and also pray for a happy marriage. The fast taken on today is one among the toughest fasts as women don't eat or drink anything all day. They only drink water after completing the worship in the evening and don't eat any cooked food until the subsequent morning. Women celebrate this festival to wish to Lord Shiva for a husband like him and married women observe this festival for the long life of their husbands also on have the same husband in their next lives.

Indra Jatra

Indra Jatra is an important harvest festival in Kathmandu Valley, this festival is additionally referred to as Yenyā. On today there's a public holiday within the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal. Local people of Kathmandu valley take a day off, schools and most businesses are closed today to celebrate the festival. This holiday takes place on the 15th day of Yala which is that the 11th month within the Nepal Sambat calendar. Indra Jatra is one of the vital annual festivals in Nepal but more particularly within the capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu. “Indra” is actually the name of the Hindu god; god of rain and king of heaven and “Jatra” means “procession”. Hence, in honor of the Hindu god Indra, the Indra Jatra procession is held. There's a public holiday on Indra Jatra. Indra Jatra festival is an eight-day-long festival. This festival falls within the month of September and is one of the foremost exciting and revered festivals of the Newar community in the Kathmandu Valley.

Constitution Day

On September 20th annually in Nepal, Constitution Day is celebrated. Nepali Constitution Day is a public holiday in Nepal. The adoption of the present constitution was effected on 20th September 2015 by replacing the Interim Constitution of 2007.


Dashain is a 15 days long festival and is the longest and therefore the biggest festival celebrated in Nepal by Nepalese people. It's regarded not just as a religious but also a national festival of Nepal. The Dashain is celebrated on the 10th Day which is known as Bijaya Dashami or Bada Dashain, which is widely known to commemorate the win of good over evil. The first day of Dashain is Ghatasthapana, and for 9 days, everyday Goddess Devi like Durga, Kali is worshiped, known as Navaratri. The 10th day of Dashain, Bijaya Dashami is celebrated to commemorate the fight of Goddess Nav Durga with Mahisasur also because it is additionally celebrated because the last day of the ten days long war between Lord Ram and Ravana, in which Lord Ram killed Ravana on this day. The festival starts from Ashwin Pratipada with Ghatasthapana as the first day of the festival and therefore the Dashain Tika is taken on the Dashami of Ashwin Shukla Paksha (bright lunar fortnight) of the month of Ashwin to the Purnima. The dates of the festival are based on the lunar Hindu calendar. There's a public holiday of 5 days during Dashain, but schools and colleges provide holidays for 1 month, starting from Ghatasthapana of Dashain to Tihar or Chhath festival.

Tihar (Deepawali)

Tihar begins with Kaag Tihar on Trayodashi of Kartik Krishna Paksha and ends with Bhai Tika on Dwitiya of Kartik Krishna Paksha. it's a five-day-long festival celebrated in Nepal and India. Tihar is additionally known as Deepawali or Divali, but it's celebrated more than just festivals of lights because it is completed in most places of India. In Tihar, Bhai Tika is also celebrated on the last day, and from the third day which is known as Laxmi Pooja, Deusi Bhailo is played by children. Laxmi Pooja is that the day dedicated to Goddess Laxmi which is that the Goddess of Wealth.

Tihar is the second-biggest Nepalese festival after Dashain and is usually allocated a three-day-long national holiday. The festival is novel therein it indicates reverence to not just the elders and therefore the gods, but also to the animals like crows, cows, and dogs that have long-lived in relationship with humans. People make Rangoli in their courtyard which is meant to be a sacred welcoming vicinity for the Gods and Goddesses of Hinduism, primarily Goddess Laxmi. The 5 days festival, Tihar’s 1st day is named Kaag Tihar, 2nd day is named Kukur Tihar, 3rd day is named Gai Tihar and Laxmi Puja, 4th day is named Govardhan Puja and therefore the last day or 5th day is named Bhai Tika. There's a public holiday on Laxmi puja, Gobardhan puja, and Bhai tika.

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